Fall from height is a primitive hazard when a worker working at height. The provision of a suitable working platform, safe access and egress, as well as proper fencing to a dangerous place are the primary safety measures that the local safety regulations have asked for. The use of safety nets and safety belts are only the last resort when it is impracticable to provide such platforms, access and egress and safe place of work.
Statutory provisions on the use of safety belts are set out in:
(i) it is impracticable to take adequate steps as required under regulation 38B(1) or (1A) of the Construction Sites (Safety) Regulations (CSSR) for preventing any person on the site from falling from a height of 2 metres or more;
(ii) it is impracticable to provide or ensure the use of safe means of support as required under regulation 38C of the CSSR;
(iii) the use of suspended working platforms under regulation 15 of the Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Suspended Working Platforms) Regulation;
(iv) the use of a receptacle of less than 900 mm deep for carrying persons by a lifting appliance under regulation 18B(1) of the Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Lifting Appliances and Lifting Gear) Regulations; and
(v) working in a confined space for underground pipework under section 9(b) of the Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Confined Spaces)
Regulation.- 2 -
Other examples that require the use of safety belts but are not explicitly stated in the law are :-
(i) working on container tops during cargo or container handling under regulation 10B of the Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Cargo & Container Handling) Regulations;
(ii) working at a dangerous place which requires alternative protection under regulation 24(a) of the Factories and Industrial Undertakings Regulations; and
(iii) working at a dangerous place which requires alternative protection under section 6(1) of the Occupational Safety and Health Regulation.